The name Indonesia has its roots in two Greek words: "Indos" meaning Indian and "Nesos" which means islands. It is an appropriate description of the archipelago as there are estimated to be a total of 17,508 islands, of which only about 6,000 are inhabited, stretching for 5,150 km between the Australian and Asian continental mainlands and dividing the Pacific and Indian Oceans at the Equator.
Five main islands and 30 smaller archipelagoes are home to the majority of the population. The main islands are Sumatra (473,6O6 sq.km), Kalimantan 1539,400 sq.km), Sulawesi l 189,216 sq. km), Irian Jaya (421,981 sq. km), and last but not least Java (132,187 sq.km), home to 70 percent of the country's population. Indonesia shares Irian Jaya with Papua New Guinea and two thirds of the island of Kalimantan with Malaysia and Borneo.
Capital: Jakarta; 13,194,000
Area: 1,922,570 square kilometers (742,308 square miles)
Language: Bahasa Indonesia, English, Dutch, Javanese, and other local dialects
Religion: Muslim, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Hindu, Buddhist
CAPITAL CITY – JAKARTA
The nation's capital, Jakarta, has a fascinating and significant history. It started as a small harbour town called Sunda Kelapa, but its founding dates back to the year 157 when it was named Jayakarta by Fatahillah of the neighbouring Sultanate of Banten.
The name Jayakarta means City of Great Victory but this was later changed to Batavia under the Dutch. Now as Jakarta, the centre of government, business and industry, it spreads over an area of more than 650 sq.km 1410 sq miles) and has a population of over eight million people. It is also designated as a special territory, (Daerah Khusus Ibukota - DKI), which means that is is administered by a governor and enjoys the same status of a province.
THE CULTURE AND ART
Indonesia is rich in art and culture which are intertwined with religion and age-old traditions from the time of early migrants with Western thoughts brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists. The basic principles which guide life include the concepts of mutual assistance or "gotong royong" and consultations or "musyawarah" to arrive at a consensus or "mufakat" Derived from rural life, this system is still very much in use in community life throughout the country.
Though the legal system is based on the Old Dutch penal code, social lives as well as the rites of passage are founded on customary or "adat" law which differs from area to area. "Adat" law has a binding impact on Indonesian life and it may be concluded that this law has been instrumental in maintaining equal rights for women in the community. Religious influences are variously evident from island to island.
THE LANGUAGE AND DIALECTS
There are about 583 languages and dialects spoken in the archipelago. There normally belong to the different ethnic groups of the population.
Some of the distinctly different local languages are: Acehnese, Batak, Sundanese, Javanese, Sasak, Tetum of Timor, Dayak, Minahasa, Toraja, Buginese, Halmahera, Ambonese, Ceramese, and several Irianese languages. To make the picture even more colorful, these languages are also spoken in different dialects.
Indonesia's climate is definitely tropical. There is no Autumn or Winter and distinctive "dry" and "wet" seasons share the year. The East Monsoon, from June to September, brings dry weather while the West Monsoon, from December to March is moisture laden, bringing rain.
The transitional period between these two seasons is interspersed by the occasional heavy rain shower, but even in the midst of the West Monsoon season, temperatures range from 21 degrees (70_F) to 33 degrees celsius 190_F except at higher altitudes which can be much cooler. Heaviest rainfalls are usually recorded in December and January and humidity is generally between 75% and 100%. For updated weather information please visit: www.indonesiaweather.net
Voltage: 230 V, Frequency: 50 Hz
It’s absolutely essential to have adequate travel insurance covered, especially for the purposes of flight cancellation, delay or any other unexpected incidental cases occurred during the trip and to enjoy the journey with a peaceful mind.
Take the travel insurance that meets your needs and understand its coverage
CURRENCY & BANK
Indonesia Rupiah – can only exchange inside of the country, US dollars are widely used, and most of hotels and shops would accept paying by USD and credit cards like VISA, MASTER or American Express. Indonesia maintains a liberal foreign exchange system and has few restrictions on transfers abroad, and in general freely allows conversions to and from foreign currencies.
It is the passengers responsibility to obtain all required travel documents, visas and permits, and for complying with the laws, regulations, orders, demands and other travel requirements of countries of origin, destination or transit.
We strongly recommend that travelers to explore the IATA Travel Centre website :
http://www.iatatravelcentre.com for more information.
Your passport or travel documents must be valid for at least 6 months.
Tourist visas are only intended for tourists who are visiting Indonesia, NOT for expatriates intending to
work and live for an extended period of time.
Please check with the Indonesia Embassy for your visa issue in your country.
There are around 90 countries can visit Indonesia without visa for 30 days.
Pay-for-visa-on-arrival (VOA) system
Some countries may need to pay for visa on arrival please check your nationality at the website to
see if you would need to pay for visa on arrival.
The cost of tourist visa is US$35.00 per person for 30 day visa on arrival
The fee must be paid in cash (no credit cards) on arrival at the airport.
For more visa information, please call the embassy in your country to have the updated VISA information.
AIRPORT information in Indonesia please check:
YOUR TOUR ARRANGEMENTS
All land arrangements within INDONESIA are solely at the discretion of our land operators who control the final scheduling of sightseeing programs based on current situation of the day or period like weather, flights schedule change, traffic condition etc…….
Those situations are not under our control and cannot be held responsible for sudden changes.
Terms & Conditions are based on our website : www.f56.com/Terms&Conditions.pdf
Tipping is considered as part of your guide’s income and depending on how satisfied you are with their service. Suggested US$5.00 per person per day traveling with a group and US$10.00 per person per day tipping for driver and the local guide(s) by traveling in a private tour.
For more information to Indonesia please explore :
HEALTH INFORMATION FOR TRAVELING ( FOR TRAVELLERS FROM HONGKONG )
Hong Kong Government raises the Travel Alert for Indonesia to “Amber” since 20 Oct 2009, please check and make sure you have travel insurance covered to travel to this country.
If you would like to know more about the outbound Travel alert please explore the website: http://www.sb.gov.hk/eng/ota/note-Indonesia.htm
If you are a Hongkong Resident holding a valid HKID card and have register a MyGovHK account, you can use the ROTI which is free of charge. Or explore the website to register. http://www.gov.hk/en/residents/immigration/outsidehk/roti.htm