Located in northeastern Europe, bordered Sweden to the west and the Gulf of Bothnia, to the north by Norway, to the east by the Russian Federation and to the south by the Gulf of Finland and is one of the world's northernmost countries - roughly one-third of the country lies north of the Arctic Circle. The Saimaa Lake area is the largest inland water system located in Europe. Of the Total land area, 10% is under water and 65% is forest and the country is situated almost entirely in the Northern coniferous zone. Lapland is far north, trees become more spaces and are mainly dwarf birch and only 8% of the land is cultivated.
Capital : Helsinki
Area : 338,145 km2
Population : 5,206,000 Estimated in 2002
Language : Two official language Finnish and Swedish
Religion : Evangelical Lutheran around 85%, the rest are Finnish Orthodox,
Free Church, Baptists, Methodists, Roman Catholic, Jews and Muslims
Time: GMT + 2 ( GTM +3 from last Saturday in Marach to Saturday before the last
Sunday in Oct
Electricity: 230 volts AC, 50Hz
For general information about health care and doctors who make house calls, dial 10023, a 24-hour helpline, obtainable in Finland only. The pharmacy at Mannerheimintie 96, Helsinki
(Telephone number: 0203 20200 or 4178 0317) is open 24 hours.
There are charges for visits to the doctor, hospital and dental treatment, and medicines prescribed. Some of these charges may, however, be partially refunded by the Finnish Sickness Insurance Department (Kansaneläkelaitoksen Paikallistoimisto – KELA,
Telephone number: (20) 434 5058, website: www.kela.fi
For emergencies, dial 112.
Other risk : Hepatitis A occurs. Cases of diphtheria have also been reported. Campers and trekkers should take precautions against tick bites and consider immunization against tick-borne encephalitis.
Temperate climate, but with considerable temperature variations.
Summer is warm with quite mild weather in spring and autumn.
Winter last from November to mid or end of March, is very cold. In the north of the country, the snow cover from mid of October until mid of May. But in the brief Arctic summer, may have up to 16 hours of sunshine during the day.
Rainfall is distributed throughout the year with snow in winter, but the low humidity often has the effect of making it seem warmer than the temperature would indicate, even in Lapland, the temperature can rise to over 30°C. During warm weather, the gnats and mosquitos can be a hazard, particularly in the north of the country.
Bring a good supply of insect repellant if you are traveling in summer season.
The Twilight season lasts for 2 months in the north during winter.
Light to medium weights in the warmer months. Medium to heavyweights in winter, with very warm clothing needed for the Arctic north and waterproofing is essential throughout the year.
Aurora forecast - It is a natural phenomenon, visitors may enjoy see it during the winter period in the Northern part of Finland. When it would be on display will depends on the weather conditions (cannot be seen on a cloudy day). Please check Aurora forecast here: http://www.gi.alaska.edu/AuroraForecast/Europe
The Euro is now the official currency of 15 EU member states including Finland.
Credit & debit cards
American Express, Diners Club, MasterCard and Visa enjoy wide acceptance, as well as Eurocheque cards. Currency restrictions : Unrestricted import of local and foreign currency. Export of local and foreign currency is limited to the amount imported for non-residents.
It is the passengers responsibility to obtain all required travel documents, visas and permits, and for complying with the laws, regulations, orders, demands and other travel requirements of countries of origin, destination or transit.
We strongly recommend that you go to the IATA Travel Centre website http://www.iatatravelcentre.com for more information.
Communication : Dialling code 358
Emergency call in Finland : 112
Internet / Wifi Service
Public access is available in Hotels, Internet cafes and at one of the many Internet booths in the major cities like Helsinki. Full IDD are available in the country.
Food & Drink
Fish, potatoes, meat, milk, butter and rye bread are the traditional mainstays of the Finnish diet, but food in Finland has been greatly influenced both by Western (French and Swedish) and Eastern (Russian) cooking. Visitors can expect excellent fresh fish dishes on most menus and include fine examples of pike, trout, perch, whitefish, salmon and Baltic herring. All are in abundance through most of the year. Crayfish (a Finnish specialty) is available from July - August.
Should also try reindeer meat, smoked or cooked in other forms. Regional dishes include kalakukko, a kind of fish and pork pie, baked in a rye flour crust, and karjalan piirakat, a pasty of rye flour stuffed with rice pudding or potato and eaten with egg butter. Thick soups are also very popular.
In restaurants (ravintola), the menu is mainly continental with several Finnish specialties. Restaurant prices are moderate if the set menu is chosen and most restaurants have a special menu for the children, or other half-price meals. Inexpensive lunches are served at places called kahvila and baari (the latter is not necessarily a licensed bar).
E - Elite price category. G - General price category.
S - Self-service price category. A - Fully licensed. B - Licensed for beer and wine.
Finnish handicrafts, handwoven rugs, jewelry, furniture, glassware, porcelain, ceramics, furs and textiles are amongst the many Finnish specialties. Excellent supermarkets and self-service shops can be found all Finland.
Helsinki railway station has the first underground shopping centre in the country, where shops are open 0800-2200 hrs (Sunday and public holidays 1200-2200hrs).
At the Katajanokka boat harbour, there is a shop selling glass, china, wooden articles and textiles.
Tipping & Service charge
A 15 per cent service charge is included in the bill at hotels. Restaurants and bars have a 14 per cent service charge weekdays and a 15 per cent at the weekends and holidays. The obligatory doorman or cloakroom fee is usually clearly indicated. Taxi drivers, washroom attendants and hairdressers are also generally tipped.
It's absolutely essential to have adequate travel insurance covered, especially for the purposes of flight cancellation, delay or any other incidental cases occurred during the trip and to enjoy the journey with a peaceful mind.
Take the travel insurance that meets your needs and understand its coverage.
Your Tour Arrangement
All land arrangements in the country are solely at the discretion of our land operators who control the final scheduling of sightseeing programs based on current situation of the day or period like weather, traffic condition etc…….
Those situations are not under our control and cannot be held responsible for sudden changes.
Terms & Conditions are based on our website : www.f56.com/Terms&Conditions.pdf
For more about the travel information in Finland please explore
Health Information for Travelers from HONGKONG
Hong Kong Government raises the Travel Alert for Egypt to “BLACK” on 15 Jan 2014, please check and make sure you have travel insurance covered to travel to this country.
If you are a Hongkong Resident holding a valid HKID card and have register a MyGovHK
account, you can use the ROTI which is free of charge. Or explore the website to register.