Papua New Guinea, consider as one of the largest island in the world, an area filled with diversity. A bit similar to Australia as they share a similar history; however, it has all of the lush forests and mountains that Australia does not have. An island that you can find its natural beauty, any visit to the country will show you what the people and place are truly like.
AREA 462,840.00sqkm in total
LOCATION Southern Asia, situated in the north of Australia
TIME: UTC plus 10 hours
ELECTRICITY 240V, 50 Hz
HEALTH RISK Malaria, dengue fever and diarrhea
CAPTIAL CITY Port Morseby
POPULATION Estimated 6.5 million ( 2014 )
LANGUAGE English became the official language, 715 indigenous languages
RELIGION Protestant, indigenous beliefs, Roman Catholic
The climate of Papua New Guinea is chiefly influenced by altitude and by the monsoons. The northwest or wet monsoon prevails from December to March, and the southeast or dry trade winds from May to October. Annual rainfall varies widely with the monsoon pattern, ranging from as little as 127 cm (50 in) at Port Moresby to an average of 584 cm (230 in) in the western river basin. Most of the lowland and island areas have daily mean temperatures of about 27°c (81°f), while in the highlands temperatures may fall to 4°c (39°f) at night and rise to 32°c (90°f) in the day-time. Relative humidity is uniformly high in the lowlands at about 80% and averages between 65 and 80% in the highlands.
WHEN TO GO
The climate is the main consideration in deciding when to visit Papua New Guinea. You'll probably want to avoid rainy seasons (although a good tropical downpour is a sight to be seen) but they vary across the country. In most places the wet season is December to March, the dry season from May to October. During the two transition months (April and November), the weather can't make up its mind which way to go and tends to be unpleasantly still and sticky. The most notable variations on this pattern are Lae and Alotau where May to October is the wet season.
Visa exempted or visa required are depends on nationalities. Please check the visa information as per following website.
Note: Your passport or travel documents must be valid for at least 6 months.
HEALTH & VACCINATIONS
Suggested to consult your doctor before taking this trip, there is a summary of major health risk you may face while traveling to Papua New Guinea.
~ Check your basic immunizations such as Tetanus and Diphtheria are up-to-date.
~ Discuss with a doctor specialist whether Hepatitus A and Typhoid should be considered.
~ Malaria is a risk factor in the country
~ Parasitic infections and tropical ulcers are concerned
~ Hook worn can result from the penetration of worms through intact skin so enclosed foot wear is essential.
~ Yellow fever vaccination may be required for all travelers from transiting through Yellow Fever zone
Such as Africa and South America
It is the passengers responsibility to obtain all required travel documents, visas and permits, and for complying with the laws, regulations, orders, demands and other travel requirements of countries of origin, destination or transit.
We strongly recommend that you go to the IATA Travel Centre website http://www.iatatravelcentre.com for more information.
It’s absolutely essential to have adequate travel insurance covered, especially for the purposes of flight cancellation, delay or any other unexpected incidental cases occurred during the trip and to enjoy the journey with a peaceful mind.
Take the travel insurance that meets your needs and understand its coverage.
Considering the vast areas of mountainous terrain, where the only way to get from village to village is to fly or walk, it's surprising that bushwalking in PNG has not caught on the same way trekking has in the Himalayas. The best-known walking trail is the Kokoda Trail, but there are literally hundreds of other options because the entire country is crisscrossed by tracks. The most interesting choices are arguably Lake Kopiago to Oksapmin, Mt Wilhelm to Madang and Wedau to Alotau. A couple hundred people canoe down the Sepik each year, but you have to be fit, independent and well-equipped to tackle it. Foreign tour operators offer fabulous rafting down PNG's turbulent mountain rivers, but there are no regular local operators yet.
Diving in PNG is reputed to be as good as it is in the Caribbean and the Great Barrier Reef. Major dive sites include Kavieng, Kimbe, Lae, Lorengau, Milne Bay, Port Moresby and the sublime Wuvulu Island. There is the possibility of good surf at Kavieng between November and February and around Wewak from September to January. Good swimming beaches are bountiful.
EAT & DRINK :
The food is largely devoid of spices. A typical way of cooking is a Mumu, an underground oven in which meat and vegetables, such as Kaukau (sweet potatoes), are cooked. In just about every meal, there is rice and another form of starch.
At hotels or lodges are usually a blend between this type of food and a more Westernised menu.
The legal drinking/purchasing age for alcohol is 21. However, because of the high age restriction, underage drinking has become a major problem.
Beers and wines are often served fairly warm due to a lack of refrigeration in certain areas. Alcohol is widely available everywhere on licensed alcohol-selling premises.
Water quality varies from place to place (and in some cases from day to day), it is generally best to stick to bottled water, even in the upper-market hotels.
Tipping is not customary and the listed price is what you'll be expected to pay. There is no tradition of bargaining either, and you'll look like an idiot if you try to haggle over the price of a souvenir. However for local guide & driver tipping would considered as part of their income and depending on how satisfied you are with their service. Suggested US$3.00 per person per day traveling with a group and US$10.00 per person per day tipping for driver and the local guide(s) by traveling in a private tour.
More Information about the country
It is an expensive place and it can seem unreasonable from a travellers' point of view: costs are pretty much but comforts are relatively few. There is no tradition of cheap hotels and restaurants especially in the city. Once you get out of the towns, however, you can live for virtually nothing (there's virtually nothing to buy). Safety issue is the major concern while you are travelling. Crimes are common in Port Moresby like carjacking and muggings . It is possible to minimize the chances of becoming a victim of crime by being aware of your surroundings, avoiding places where offences are prevalent and always be with someone you know. Always wise to seek the advice of a person familiar with Port Moresby before venturing into unknown areas or travel with a local guide or someone you know in the country.
HEALTH INFORMATION FOR TRAVELING ( FOR TRAVELLERS FROM HONGKONG )
TRAVEL ALERT ( FOR TRAVELLERS FROM HONGKONG )
Hong Kong Government raises the Travel Alert for Russia to “Amber” since 25 Jan 2011, please check and make sure you have travel insurance covered to travel to this country.
If you would like to know more about the outbound Travel alert please explore the website: http://www.sb.gov.hk/eng/ota/note-Pakistan.htm
If you are a Hongkong Resident holding a valid HKID card and have register a MyGovHK account, you can use the ROTI which is free of charge. Or explore the website to register. http://www.gov.hk/en/residents/immigration/outsidehk/roti.htm