Botswana is an unspoiled land of timeless beauty - striking salt pans, diamond-rich deserts, fertile flood plains, vast grasslands, and flatlands punctuated with dramatic rocky outcrops. Being as one of Africa's top safaris destinations, it is the home to the world renowned Okavango Delta, Kalahari Desert, the Chobe National Park and Moremi Game Reserve, where animals roam freely which offered the superb safari experiences to the visitors.
OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Botswana
LOCATION: Central southern Africa.
TIME: GMT + 2 hours
INTERNATIONAL DIALING CODE: +267
AREA: 582,000 sq. km. (224,710 sq. mi.)
CAPITAL CITY (2001 CENSUS): Gaborone (pronounced ha-bo-ro-neh), pop. 186,007.
OTHER URBAN CENTERS: Francistown (pop. 105,000); Lobatse (pop. 60,000),
Selebi-Phikwe (pop. 50,000), Ghanzi, Mahalapye, Maun, and Kasane.
TERRAIN: Desert and savanna.
CLIMATE: Mostly subtropical; semi-arid.
•Nationality: Noun and adjective--Motswana (sing.), Batswana (pl.).
•Population (est.): 1.84 million.
•Annual population growth rate (2008): 1.434%.
•Ethnic groups: Tswana 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero, Bayeyi, Hambukush, Basarwa ("San"), Khoi, whites 10%.
•Religions: Christianity 70%, none 20%, indigenous beliefs 6%, other 4%.
•Primary Languages: English (official), Setswana (widely spoken)
•Education: Adult literacy--81%.
•Independence: September 30, 1966.
•Type: Republic, parliamentary democracy.
•Head of State: President Ian Khama Seretse Khama..
•Nominal GDP (2007): $11.9 billion.
•Real GDP growth rate (2007 est.): 4.8%.
•Per capita nominal GDP (2007): $6,742.
•Key Industry Sectors: Precious minerals mining, Tourism,. Agriculture, Construction, Beef processing, Chemical products production, Food and beverage production.
•220-240 volts AC, 50Hz.
•Pula. One pula = 100 thebe.
It is the passengers responsibility to obtain all required travel documents, visas and permits, and for complying with the laws, regulations, orders, demands and other travel requirements of countries of origin, destination or transit.
We strongly recommend that you go to the IATA Travel Centre website http://www.iatatravelcentre.com for more information.
•Private sector: Monday to Friday 8am – 5pm
•Government offices: Monday to Friday 7:30am – 4:30pm